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Car-sharing schemes in France and Europe - Current situation and outlook

 

Approximately 78 car-sharing sites can be counted in France, open to all, and involving nearly 430,000 subscribers and 500,000 advertisements. These sites are run mainly by car-sharing associations but also by regional and inter-town councils (24%).

 

This study shows the current situation of car-sharing schemes in France and abroad, by analysing the extent of the phenomenon using quantitative information collected from the Internet.

It also gives recommendations to encourage the practice and get over “the psychological barrier” which is one of the main reasons holding people back.

 

Approximately 78 car-sharing sites can be counted in France, open to all, and involving nearly 430,000 subscribers and 500,000 advertisements. These sites are run mainly by car-sharing associations but also by regional and inter-town councils (24 %). There are car-sharing operators (Greencove, Ecolutis, LaRoueVerte, etc.), who specialise in creating sites for local authorities or companies.

Between 1990 and 2007, the number of websites listed grew from less than 10 to more than 40, giving an idea of the extent of the phenomenon. More then half of the sites propose both regular routes (home-work, or home-school) and occasional routes (especially over long distances), but in 32 % of cases it is mainly regular routes that are presented. People are put into contact with each other simply by displaying car-sharers’ details so that they can get in touch directly, or by means of alert systems via e-mail indicating to subscribers those who can offer the route they are interested in. In 84 % of cases, a charter gives some simple rules so that the car-sharing can run smoothly.

Concerning “restricted” car-sharing, i.e. schemes set up by a company, community or other organisation for its staff, in particular, within the framework of PDE/PDA1, 69 sites (non-exhaustive list) have been collected. The subject of dynamic car-sharing, a particularly flexible car-sharing scheme, is also mentioned, highlighting certain experiments and techniques available to help the schemes run smoothly.