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Demand-responsive transport in France : from the current state of affaires to anticipation


Demand-responsive transport (DRT) is a mode of public transport halfway between the taxi and the bus. Long regarded as a marginal mode for fairly sparsely-populated areas, DRT has been experiencing strong growth in France and more generally in Europe since late 1990.
It appears from the analysis of a database of 615 services that French DRT is now reaching new areas, in urban and peri-urban networks, and rural areas. The services which they propose feature a large variety of operating offers.

Année d'élaboration :



The characteristics of DRT schemes are described using several functional, statistical and graphic models. Thinking on the flexibility of DRT and a survey will then fuel the debate on the DRT schemes of tomorrow. Three examples illustrate the prospects which generalised use of flexible and innovative DRT schemes for public transport will open up for local authorities.

Objectifs (Impacts attendus sur le système de déplacement)

The postulate of this thesis is that DRT schemes, provided they are improved, can help to combat the all-pervasiveness of motor vehicle use, while contributing to a general improvement in public transport. For this purpose, transport solutions must be suited to the mobility requirements of each person.


See attached documents


  • Nom/Titre : Élodie CASTEX
  • Organisme : Université d’Avignon et des pays du Vaucluse
  • Email : elodie.castex@univ-avignon.fr
  • Contact ministère : Robert CLAVEL - Certu - robert.clavel@developpement-durable.gouv.fr

Informations complémentaires

Articles présentant le projet (ou des projets similaires) :

You can consult the full document via the following link: http://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00199865/fr